water margin summary


Water Margin is referred to in numerous Japanese manga, such as Tetsuo Hara and Buronson's Fist of the North Star, and Masami Kurumada's Fūma no Kojirō, Otokozaka and Saint Seiya. [26], Jacques Dars translated the book into French and its 1st edition was published in 1978.[27]. Not until the 1920s were there studies which began to set these questions in order, and there is still disagreement. They include: The Water Margin (1972),[37][38] directed by Chang Cheh and others; Delightful Forest (1972), directed by Chang Cheh again and starring Ti Lung as Wu Song;[39] Pursuit (1972), directed by Kang Cheng and starring Elliot Ngok as Lin Chong; All Men Are Brothers (1975), a sequel to The Water Margin (1972) directed by Chang Cheh and others; Tiger Killer (1982), directed by Li Han-hsiang and starring Ti Lung as Wu Song again.[40]. Since we also face plunders by Fang La and his outlaws from Qingxi, why not grant Song Jiang and his men amnesty and request them to lead a campaign against Fang La to redeem themselves?". [30] However, literary critic C. T. Hsia commented that the connection was a fictional one created by the author. The various editions of Water Margin can roughly be classified into two groups - simplified and traditional. SINOPHILIA, SINOPHOBIA, AND VERNACULAR PHILOLOGY IN EARLY MODERN JAPAN. An English translation of the first 70 chapters with an abridgment of the last 30 was published as Outlaws of the Marsh (1981). His authorship of Sanguozhi yanyi and Shuihuzhuan [citation needed], Another candidate is Shi Hui (施惠), a nanxi (southern opera) playwright who lived between the late Yuan dynasty and early Ming dynasty. Xu Fuzuo (徐復祚) of the Ming dynasty mentioned in Sanjia Cunlao Weitan (三家村老委談) that Junmei (君美; Shi Hui's courtesy name)'s intention in writing Water Margin was to entertain people, and not to convey any message. The most commonly modified parts of the complex editions are the stories on what happened after the outlaws are granted amnesty. In addition to its colossal popularity in China, Water Margin has been identified as one of the most influential works in the development of early modern Japanese literature.[29][34][35]. It can be done only if you meet these five requirements." 6. The Jurchen chief and Khan Nurhaci read the Chinese novels Romance of the Three Kingdoms and Water Margin learning all he knew about Chinese military and political strategies from them. Other non-Shaw Brothers production include: All Men Are Brothers: Blood of the Leopard, also known as Water Margin: True Colours of Heroes (1992), which centers on the story of Lin Chong, Lu Zhishen and Gao Qiu, starring Tony Leung Ka-fai, Elvis Tsui and others;[41] Troublesome Night 16 (2002), a Hong Kong horror comedy film which spoofs the story of Wu Song avenging his brother. A palace memorial by Hou Meng is included in the historical record, History of Song, which states: "Song Jiang and 36 others cross Qi and Wei (the central belt of the North China Plain) at will. 10. Government troops number tens of thousands but no one dares oppose him. Song Jiang and Li Kui make several appearances in the protagonist's dreams. Water Margin, also translated as All Men Are Brothers, ancient Chinese vernacular novel known from several widely varying manuscripts under the name Shuihuzhuan. The heroes eventually decide to leave China for good and sail to distant lands. Depending on the study guide provider (SparkNotes, Shmoop, etc. Dai Bufan (戴不凡) had a differing view, as he suspected that Guo wrote Water Margin, and then used "Shi Nai'an" to conceal his identity as the author of the novel. Other games with characters based on the novel or were partly inspired by it include: Jade Empire, which features a character "Black Whirlwind" who is based on Li Kui; Data East's Outlaws Of The Lost Dynasty, which was also released under the titles Suiko Enbu and Dark Legend; Shin Megami Tensei: IMAGINE. The story of Water Margin begins when Marshal Hong Xin is sent to a Taoist monastery to request a cure for a plague currently being suffered by the people of the Eastern Capital. But, as you’ve already said, it feels very modern in its style (or are moderns novels just more of the same? by Real Reads. The trading card game, Yu-Gi-Oh! There is a theory that Water Margin became popular during the Yuan era as the common people (predominantly Han Chinese) resented the Mongol rulers. [14], Another theory states that Luo Guanzhong was from the Southern Song period vice the Ming dynasty. The rise to ubiquitous prominence of Chinese texts such as Shuihu zhuan, Xiyou ji (Journey to the West), and the short fiction of Feng Menglong (1574–1646) was a gradual occurrence.... From a certain vantage point, the Chinese novel Shuihu zhuan is a ubiquitous presence in the literary and visual culture of early modern Japan. they would describe it in tell not show and usually the show way of describing makes picturing easier. Characters from the story often appear on Money-suited playing cards, which are thought to be the ancestor of both modern playing cards and mahjong tiles. In both works of fiction, characters bearing the same stars of the Water Margin characters as personal emblems of destiny are featured prominently. Imazine (Issue 24 - Winter 1995) Action and combat in the Water Margin (again). He slays his foes and abandons the depot, eventually making his way to Liangshan Marsh, where he becomes an outlaw. The first source to name Song Jiang's 36 companions was Miscellaneous Observations from the Year of Guixin (癸辛雜識) by Zhou Mi, written in the 13th century. My copy hasn’t arrived yet, boo, so I will have some catch up to do when it arrives. [23] In 1937, another complete translation appeared, titled Water Margin, by J. H. Jackson, edited by Fang Lo-Tien. Corrections? The three main versions of the complex editions are a 100-chapter, a 120-chapter and a 70-chapter edition. The earliest surviving example of the Wuxia genre, Water Margin has been translated many times, and adapted to other media such as film, television and comics. I’ll be curious to see if that continues. While the novel was traditionally attributed to Shi Nai'an, of whose life nothing is reliably known, recent scholars think that the novel, or portions of it, may have been written or revised by Luo Guanzhong (the author of Romance of the Three Kingdoms). He stated that the latter were former students of the general's martial arts tutor, Zhou Tong. The term ‘water margin’ reflects the dual impact water has on today’s business. Water Margin (also known as Outlaws of the Marsh or All Men Are Brothers) is a bandit roman developed from folktales about the real life rebel Song Jiang who led a peasant uprising in the early twelfth century. Shen Defu (沈德符) mentioned in Wanli Yehuo Bian (萬曆野獲編) that Guo wrote Water Margin. Water Marginised (水滸後傳) (2007) is a folk reggae narrative by Chan Xuan. The most recent translation, titled The Marshes Of Mount Liang, by Alex and John Dent-Young, is a five-volume translation of the 120-chapter version. In 1805, Kyokutei Bakin released a Japanese translation of the Water Margin illustrated by Hokusai. The story, set in the Northern Song's ending, tells of how a group of 108 outlaws gather at Mount Liang (or Liangshan Marsh) to form a sizable army before they are eventually granted amnesty by the government and sent on campaigns to resist foreign invaders (Liao) and suppress rebel forces (Fang La). Omissions? During the Qing dynasty, Shi Hui and Shi Nai'an were linked, suggesting that they are actually the same person. The name of "Song Jiang" also appeared in the biography of Emperor Huizong of Song, which stated: The outlaw Song Jiang of Huainan and others attacked the army at Huaiyang, (the Emperor) sent generals to attack and arrest them. Fourth, you must be as forbearing as a needle plying through cotton wool. The Chongzhen Emperor of the Ming dynasty, acting on the advice of his ministers, banned the book as a means of preventing revolts. It tells the story of a present-day jailbird who travels to Liangshan Marsh in hope of joining the outlaw band, only to find that Song Jiang and his men have all taken bureaucratic jobs in the ruling party. [citation needed] An English version titled "Water Margin: The Tales of Clouds and Winds" by Piko Interactive translated and released in 2015. Some believe that Water Margin was written entirely by Luo Guanzhong. Wang Jin flees from the capital with his mother and by chance he meets Shi Jin, who becomes his apprentice. has an archetype based on the 108 heroes known as the "Fire Fist" (known as "Flame Star" in the OCG) (炎えん星せい, Ensei) where the monsters aside from Horse Prince, Lion Emperor, and Spirit are based on those heroes. [24] The 70-chapter Jackson translation, which includes Shi Nai'an's foreword (1.5 pages) and prologue (nine pages), is estimated at about 365,000 words. In Chapter 11, the vassals who have captured Lin Chong take him to Chai Jin's manor. everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of Water Margin. Almost nothing is known about the life of Luo. It is written in the book that these demons would cause trouble if released. Those demons very cleverly did not precede the message with “Because he is arrogant and unwise…”. Edit: Pg. Stories of the outlaws are told in separate sections in the following chapters. Considered one of the Four Great Classical Novels of Chinese literature, the novel is written in vernacular Chinese rather than Classical Chinese. The group was active in the Huainan region and surrendered to the Song government in 1121. Danielle Evans was just 26 when she released her short story collection Before You Suffocate Your Own Fool Self in 2010, a multi-award-winning... To see what your friends thought of this book. The emperor recruits them to form a military contingent and sends them on campaigns against invaders from the Liao dynasty and rebel forces led by Tian Hu, Wang Qing and Fang La within the Song dynasty's domain. In Chapter 13, battles between Zhou Jin and Yang Zhi are detailed. The authorship of Water Margin is still in some sense uncertain, and in any case derived from many sources and involved many editorial hands. These 108 stars, 36 stars of heavenly spirits and 72 stars of earthly spirits, become the bandits of Liangshan Marsh. For other uses, see, Other English translated names for the novel include, Yenna Wu, "Full-Length Vernacular Fiction," in. Yang Zhi is exiled to Darning. September 1st 2013 [citation needed], Another theory attributes the authorship to Guo Xun (郭勛), a politician who lived in the Ming dynasty. The two main leaders of the group of bandit chieftains, Song Jiang and Ju Junyi accept leadership roles, but are murdered by the corrupt officials who still regard these former bandits as enemies. Hedberg, W. (2020). [5], The novel, praised as an early "masterpiece" of vernacular fiction,[6] is renowned for the "mastery and control" of its mood and tone.

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