State-wise details are noted below in Table 4 for select states (they comprise 75% of the total custodial and encounter deaths in 2019-20). Virginia laws clearly state local officials can be recalled. This post provides an overview of the government’s response to some of the key questions raised by MPs during the first five days (September 14, 2020, to September 18, 2020) of the session. The government stated that a total of Rs 39,403 crore has been withdrawn from EPF from March 25, 2020 to August 31, 2020. A law on the Constitutional amendment adopted by a two- thirds majority of the total number of members of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey directly or upon the sending back of the law by the President of the Republic or its articles deemed necessary may be submitted to a referendum by the President of the Republic. It was further recommended that Governors should be informed of the grounds of their removal. Later this week, the GST Council will meet to discuss the issue of GST compensation to states. To become part of the constitution, proposed amendments must be approved by a majority of voters in a referendum. 6. After conclusion of the procedures specified in paras 4 and 6 above, the Marshal of the Sejm shall submit the adopted statute to the President of the Republic for signature. The central government is required to compensate states for any loss of revenue they incur due to GST. Note that under the GST (Compensation to States) Act, 2017, Centre can provide compensation to states only through the money available in the Compensation Fund. EPF withdrawal: In March 2020, as part of the relief package, the government increased the withdrawal limit from the Employee’s Provident Fund (EPF) accounts. Singhal v. Union of India). This Basic Law may be amended only by a law expressly amending or supplementing its text. For instance, cess collections during the period Apr-Jun 2020 have been 41% lower in comparison to the same period last year. If this succeeds then the proposal is moved to the Senate where it again must achieve an absolute majority, This means that of the 76 members of the Senate, at least 39 of them must agree to the proposal. The third paragraph was made by its framers to protect the country against any authoritarian or totalitarian regime such as that of Nazi Germany in the future. This means that the ability to tax goods and services and raise revenue shifted from origin states (where the good or service is produced) to destination states (where it is consumed). 40-45, Constitution of the Czech Republic, Art. These funds are raised by levying a compensation cess on the sale of certain goods, some of which were affected by the economic slowdown. Finally, the amendment proposal must be submitted to the people, and for ratification must be approved by a simple majority. The Constitution of Russia was created by the Russian Federation in 1993. A total of 1.05 crore migrant workers have returned to their home state till now (maximum to Uttar Pradesh, followed by Bihar, West Bengal, and Rajasthan). With GST implementation in 2017, the principle of indirect taxation for many goods and services changed from origin-based to destination-based. Following this declaration, the Federal Parliament is automatically dissolved and a new federal election must take place. 4. The power of removing Governors should only be exercised in rare and exceptional circumstances for valid and compelling reasons. This may be the case notwithstanding the fact that a special procedure is required to bring an amendment into force. Moreover, of the Rs 14,482 crore collections made during this period, Rs 8,680 crore has been likely used up for paying compensation for 2019-20. Chapter 39 of the Constitution of Ethiopia cannot be amended. A proposed amendment shall be debated and voted on in each Chamber of the National Congress, in two rounds, and shall be considered approved if it obtains three-fifths of the votes of the respective members in both rounds. Locust attack: Several members sought to know whether the locust attacks caused damage to crops and whether the government has provided any compensation to the affected farmers. In some jurisdictions, such as Ireland, Estonia, and Australia, constitutional amendments originate as bills and become laws in the form of acts of parliament. Chapter XVI, Article 37(5) of the Indonesian Constitution states that the form of the unitary state cannot be changed. After the election, the proposed amendment must go through the same procedure (absolute majority on three separate readings). Switzerland has procedure similar to that of Australia. After the governor is notified, there will be a hearing before the court, and a majority of the court must rule that the governor is unable to discharge the duties of the office. The Constitution of South Africa can be amended by an Act of Parliament, but special procedures and requirements apply to the passage of constitutional amendments. The employment provided under the scheme was nearly 100% higher for the months of June and July 2020, as compared to the corresponding months in 2019. The Governor-General in Council appoints justices of the High Court, and of other federal courts created by Parliament. A majority of two-thirds in the National Council (parliament). Section 15 of the Maine Constitution … As time went by, more and more state legislatures adopted resolutions demanding that a convention be called, thus pressuring the Senate to finally relent and approve what later became the Seventeenth Amendment for fear that such a convention—if permitted to assemble—might stray to include issues above and beyond just the direct election of senators. The government also started other special trains (15 pairs of Rajdhani Express and special trains for examinations such as JEE and NEET). State constitutions in the U.S. are amended on a regular basis. Why is the Centre required to compensate states for GST? Passage of a constitutional act in the Czech Republic can only be accomplished through the agreement of three-fifths of all Deputies and Senators present at the time the proposed act is laid before each house of Parliament.  The Article usually goes into force at this time too, though it may self-impose a delay before that happens, as was the case of the Eighteenth Amendment. 3. These unsettled funds are GST collections, generated in 2017-18 from inter-state and foreign trade, that have not yet been settled between centre and states. With the legislative method, the Tennessee General Assembly passes a resolution calling for an amendment and stating its wording. Any such law shall be carried by two thirds of the Members of the Bundestag and two thirds of the votes of the Bundesrat. As of August 31, 2020, food grains have been distributed to 2.67 crore of the identified beneficiaries for the months of June and July 2020. The power of removing Governors should only be exercised in rare and exceptional circumstances for valid and compelling reasons. Any piece of parliamentary legislation can be designated as "constitutional law", i.e., as a part of the constitution if the required supermajority and other formalities for an amendment are met. Of these, 68% of the bulk drugs imported by India in 2019-20 were from China. The government informed that states have indicated about 2.8 crore migrant worker beneficiaries. It firstly requires that the proposal pass by absolute majority in the House of Representatives. It says the following: Amendments to this Constitution shall be initiated by the Diet, through a concurring vote of two-thirds or more of all the members of each House and shall thereupon be submitted to the people for ratification, which shall require the affirmative vote of a majority of all votes cast thereon, at a special referendum or at such election as the Diet shall specify. 13,20,881 dedicated isolation bed (without oxygen support), 63,194 ICU beds (including 32,409 ventilator beds). On whether the government is considering a legislation to prevent the torture of individuals by police and public officials, the Ministry of Home Affairs informed that police and public order are state subjects and there is no proposal to bring a legislation in this regard. The impeachment process in U.S. government was first suggested by Benjamin Franklin during the Constitutional Convention in 1787. Maine Secretary of State Matt Dunlap told WMTW News 8 that the governor's comments and actions do not meet the threshold laid out in the Constitution. The Union Finance Minister, in her budget speech in February 2020, clarified that transfers to the Fund would be limited only to collections of the GST compensation cess. It must be stated whether the convention is limited or unlimited—that is, whether it can only amend the current constitution or totally abolish it and write a new one. At least nine months shall elapse between the first submission of the amendment proposal and the date of the election, unless an exception is granted by the Committee on the Constitution with a majority of five sixths of its members. *Revenue for the year 2019-20 does not takes into account those GST compensation grants which were payable to states in 2019-20 but were released by Centre in the year 2020-21. This power of Parliament may be seen by some[who?] Method 2: The States Demand a Constitutional Convention . However, for the year 2019-20, the compensation requirement of states nearly doubled to Rs 1.65 lakh crore. The right of belligerency of the state will not be recognized. When these removals were challenged, the Supreme Court held: In summary, this means that the central government enjoys the power to remove Governors of the different states, as long as it does not act arbitrarily, without reason, or in bad faith. The Act requires the Centre to credit this cess revenue into a separate Compensation Fund and all compensation grants to states are required to be paid out of the money available in this Fund. The ratifying convention method was used for the Twenty-first Amendment, which became part of the Constitution in 1933.
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