It might be made up of rhythm only, or of a melody line with chordal accompaniment, or many interweaving melodies. js = d.createElement(s); js.id = id; From this came the opera, which existed in Italy around 1600. 1”, The “March of the Toreadors” from Bizet’s Carmen, No. There are four music textures that you need to understand: In this lesson we will look at definitions and explanations for each musical texture in turn. Instruments used included brass, strings, especially violins (Amati and Stradivari), harpsichord, organ, and cello. In this broadened definition of homophony, most contemporary pop songs that have a melody and accompaniment could be considered to be homophonic. The definition of homophony is often broadened to include textures that are not homorhythmic. The arrangement starts with a solo voice (monophonic texture). Homophonic music can also be called homophony. Toccata is an instrumental piece that alternates between improvisation and contrapuntal passages. It is no longer monophonic as it now has an accompaniment. However, is is also not strictly homophonic as the rhythms of the piano part do not exactly match the vocal line. It can also be found in some classical music, most notably in Baroque vocal music such as cantatas/oratorios. The 4 different textures that I am going to explain will help you describe what each of the different parts are contributing to the overall sound. Bach. You can see on this diagram of a polyphonic texture the different parts weaving in and out as they perform distinct melodic lines that combine to create the overall sound. During the Baroque period, composers experimented with musical contrasts that differed greatly from the music of the Renaissance. This is a great way of bringing contrast into a piece. Of course, different countries in Western Europe had different styles and sub-genres within this. ), Two-Part Invention in C Major by Johann Sebastian Bach: Polyphony, Deum Verum by an anonymous composer: Monophony, Rondo Alla Turca by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Homophony. Share this post: on Twitter on Facebook on Google+, Ben Dunnett LRSM is the founder of Music Theory Academy. Basso continuo. What is Baroque Music? It was the only type of music allowed in churches, … After listening to your selection, please answer the questions below. Check to see if you correctly identified the textures of the three pieces listed in the reading assignment on musical texture. Monophonic music has only one melodic line, with no harmony or counterpoint. (simply copy and paste the title). During the Middle Ages, the musical texture was monophonic, meaning it has a single melodic line. Have a look/listen to this example of polyphony – O magnum mysterium by Tomás Luis de Victoria (1548-1611). Different singing styles were developed for the opera, such as: This basilica in Venice became an important venue for musical experiments during the early Baroque period. if (d.getElementById(id)) return; During the Baroque period, composers experimented with musical contrasts that differed greatly from the music of the Renaissance. (Even if there is only one melody, if different people are singing or playing it at different times, the parts sound independent.). Music became homophonic, meaning it was based on one melody with harmonic support coming from a keyboard player. Characteristics. Have a look at this visual diagram of a monophonic texture (the blue line is the solo melody): Monophony is the oldest type of music (it was the only type of music performed in Ancient Greece) and was the form of music used in early church plainchant and Gregorian Chant music. Homophony has one clear melodic line; it’s the line that naturally draws your attention. More informally, people who are describing homophonic music may mention chords, accompaniment, harmony or harmonies. Musical Texture refers to how different layers of a piece of music are combined to produce the overall sound. What did you hear that enabled you to identify the texture? What is “baroque,” and when was the Baroque period? Monophonic texture Unison Octaves Homophonic texture Polyphonic texture Heterophonic texture. Castrato: During the Baroque period, young boys were castrated before they reached puberty to avoid the deepening of the voice. You can see this clearly from the sheet music: However, if the singing is accompanied by an instrument, a band or an orchestra (as it usually is when a national anthem is being sung at the start of a sports match), or if some singers start to harmonise the melody then the texture becomes more complicated. One of the most common forms of polyphonic texture is the fugue. At the end of the reading assignment you’ll find links to three pieces you can listen to; see if you can identify the textures of the pieces based on your reading. Baroque music generally has certain elements in common across the board, including but not limited to: basso continuo, ornamentation, decisive rhythms, melodiousness, and use of several textures. The definition of monophonic music is taken from the Greek (mono-phonic), literally meaning “one sound”. One of the most common forms of polyphonic texture is the fugue.. Heterophony. However, you will often hear monophonic singing in informal settings like contemporary sports matches where the crowd is singing in unison. Music that is mostly homophonic can become temporarily polyphonic if an independent countermelody is added. http://cnx.org/contents/04ac529b-2695-4994-b5a6-22a3776d69e3@14, A group of people all singing a single melody together without harmony or instrumental accompaniment, A fife and drum corp, with all the fifes playing the same melody, Rounds, canons, and fugues are all polyphonic. I hope it helps summarise the topic for you: You do not have to choose one texture to use for the whole of a piece of music you are writing. 1 (“Granada”) of Albeniz’ Suite Espanola for guitar. Other music forms of the Baroque period are the chorale prelude, mass, and oratorio. As a result, they are often considered to be forming a “same-sounding” texture – hence they can be considered to be homophonic. Venice became the center of musical activity during the Baroque period. fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js, fjs); are not independent) or because their main purpose is to fill in the chords or harmony (i.e. Role of Composers in the Baroque and Classical Periods, Composers/Musicians of the Renaissance Period, Music History: Different Types of Music Over the Centuries, Music Forms and Styles of the Renaissance.
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