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However, there are currently no medicines available to treat low diastolic blood pressure. Most doctors consider blood pressure too low only if it causes symptoms. In fact, it may be one of the most common causes of heart failure. You know you need to check your blood pressure, but do you know what the upper and lower numbers in your reading mean? Any use of this site constitutes your agreement to the Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy linked below. This content does not have an English version. A blood pressure reading lower than 90 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) for the top number (systolic) or 60 mm Hg for the bottom number (diastolic) is generally considered low blood pressure. Learn what diastolic vs…. Overtreatment of high blood pressure can be managed by adjusting or changing medications. A person who has low diastolic blood pressure may feel dizzy and tired. https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/cardiovascular-disorders/symptoms-of-cardiovascular-disorders/orthostatic-hypotension?query=hypotension. Accessed Feb. 27, 2020. Hypotension, or low blood pressure, can stem from a number of causes. If your diastolic blood pressure is too low, your heart muscles won’t get enough oxygenated blood. Acute heart failure: What you need to know, Debra Sullivan, Ph.D., MSN, R.N., CNE, COI, an electrocardiogram to read the heart’s electrical signals to detect the rhythm and any abnormalities, an echocardiogram to show detailed images of the heart, a stress test, where a person undergoes heart monitoring while exercising, speaking to a doctor about changing certain medications, wearing compression stockings, which improve circulation, not sitting or standing still for long periods, getting up slowly when sitting or lying down. Orthostatic hypotension is especially common in older adults, but it also affects young, otherwise healthy people who stand up suddenly after sitting with their legs crossed for long periods or after squatting for a time. Moving from lying down to standing up can lead to a dip in blood pressure. Severe hypotension may indicate an underlying condition that needs treatment. This can be particularly dangerous in older adults. If you’re overweight, ask your doctor to help you with a safe weight loss plan. Still, it's important to see your doctor if you have signs or symptoms of low blood pressure because they can point to more-serious problems. Ordinarily, your body compensates by increasing your heart rate and constricting blood vessels, thereby ensuring that enough blood returns to your brain. You can do this by reading food labels and avoiding added salt in your diet. An ideal number is probably about 3.5 grams. American Heart Association. Orthostatic hypotension can occur for various reasons, including dehydration, prolonged bed rest, pregnancy, diabetes, heart problems, burns, excessive heat, large varicose veins and certain neurological disorders. Pay attention to your diastolic number when you have your blood pressure checked. Understanding blood pressure readings. Eating small, low-carbohydrate meals; drinking more water; and avoiding alcohol might help reduce symptoms. Can a ketogenic diet prevent heart failure? Blood pressure is the force that blood exerts against the arteries as the heart pumps it around the body. If you have isolated low diastolic pressure and you’re not on blood pressure medication, the only option may be to see your doctor more frequently for checkups and to watch for symptoms of heart failure. Usually, low blood pressure will not cause any issues. Even occasional dizziness or lightheadedness may be a relatively minor problem — the result of mild dehydration from too much time in the sun or a hot tub, for example. That paper coined a new term, “isolated diastolic hypotension,” which refers to a low diastolic blood pressure (less than 60 mm Hg) and a normal systolic pressure (above 100 mm Hg).

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