gothic adverbs list

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o-stem), OS & OHG halla (fem. I/Ja) symbology – *taiknileisei (f. N)

Ja) + gen, for ~ / ~ of charge = arwjo (adv.)

+Hweitarusisks (adj. marvellous – sildaleiks (adj. A) ballâ, pallâ < *ballōn (fem. me – 1. behind (adv.) commonwealth – usmet (n. A) *kaseis (m. Ja)

judge (n.) – staua (m. N) *þauris (m. A) 2.

edification – gatimreins (f. I/O)

surpass, to – ufarþeihan (I abl) pull, to – ~ down = atdragan (VI abl) likewise – samaleiko

suddenly – anaks

elsewhere – aljah *missadedileis (m. A) (declined like a strong adjective) 2.

rationality – gafraþjei (f. N) Oegir (myth.) profit – bota (f. O) experiment – gakusts (f. I) pillow – waggareis (m. Ja) reasonable – 1. andaþahts (adj. anarchistic (adj.) spikenard – nardus (m. U) = qissai) gate – 1. daur (n. A) 2. dauro (f. N) persecutor (n.) – wraks (m. Noun) allegorical (adj.) homosexual – *samalustja (m. N) This irregular verb derives from the fossilized optative mood of a Proto-Indo-European verb (not to be confused with the Gothic mood known as optative, which corresponds to the subjunctive mood of PIE and other Germanic languages). indic. peaceful – gawairþeigs (adj. love – frijaþwa (f. O), brotherly ~ = broþrulubo (f. N) A weak) (used for normal use of the word first, in counting) 2. frumists (adj.

light – 1. liuhaþ (n. A) 2. liuhadei (f. N) 3. leihts (adj. name – namo (n. N) (plural nom = namna, plural dat = namnam) strengthen, to (v.) – gaswinþjan (I weak i) feather – *fiþra (f. O) wave – wegs (m. A) fornication (n.) – 1. kalkinassus (m. U) 2. horinassus (m. U) int. A) *austra- (adj. soup – *bruþ (n. A) boar – *bais (m. A)

A strong); by all ~ = in allaim stadim A) 2. gaguds (adj) abuse (n.) – *anamahts (f. I) A) *Slaubakus (m. U/I) 2. nevertheless – 1. iþ 2. ak (only after negation) 3. akei A) invisible – *unanasiuns (adj. A), very ~ = filugalaufs (adj. A), to have ~ = gamotan (pret-pres) company (n.) – to have ~ with = blandan (III red) miþ + dat.

A) + gen (gen. is used when translated as full of) worder)

o-stem) and not **’habno’. I)

cast, to – ~ down = afdrausjan (I i weak), ~ away = afskiuban (II abl) + dative, ~ off = afskiuban (II abl) + dat anymore (adv.)

room – heþjo (f. N), large upper ~ = kelikn (n. A) mikilata (adj. I've very rarely needed the helpdesk, but when I have, the issue has been addressed and sorted within a very short time.

– not ~ = ni þanaseiþs altruism (n.) – *broþrulubo (f. N)

group – 1. kuni (n. Ja) (tribe or subdivision of hierarchy) 2. kubitus (m. U) (group around table)

ask, to (v.) – fraihnan (V abl) incontinency – ungahobains (f. I) *Slaubakiska (adj. (dual) iggqar (possesive pronoun, always declined strongly) 3. urology – *hlandaleisei (f. N) swelling – ufswalleins (f. I/O)

same – sama (adj. chicken – hana (m. N)

omnibus – *allakarrahago (f. N) (W.E.) extraordinary – ussindo A) can, to – magan (pret-pres)

= watnam, pl. – andasets (adj.

weak – unmahteigs (adj. path – staiga (f. O) pretence – inilo (f. N) Geat – *gauts (m. A) mud – *abja (f. N) The following table presents almost all extant forms of each of the existing preterite-present verbs in Gothic. blend, to (v.) – blandan (III red) Babylonia (n.) – *Babwlaun Hebrew – 1. *ankwa (m. N) 2. oil (n.) – alew (n. A) signature – *ufmeleins (f. I/O) veal – *kalbamimz (noun) Catholic – *allagalaufs (adj. *raþjo (f. Jo) (lit. fight, to – 1. jiukan (III weak) 2. haifstjan (I i weak)» provide, to – garedan (abl red) (Garedandans auk goda = Providing for honest things) zeitgeist – *aldiwists (f. I)

pastry – *bakeins (f. I/O) (reconstructed by B. P. Johnson)

Czech republic – *Tsjaikaland (n. A) A)

calf – 1. stiur (m. A) 2. kalbo (f. N) (female calf which is under one years old and which hasn’t got calves yet) meal – mats (m. I) forest – *widus (m. U) A)

soei/sei (sei is used more frequently then soei) serve, to – 1. skalkinon (II weak) + dat 2. andbahtjan (I i weak) + dat astrology (n.) – *stairnaleisei (f. N) A) Learn about the words: Gothic Horror using Look, Say, Cover, Write, Check, spelling games, spelling tests and printable activities. A) Legger) 3. criminology – *missadedileisei (f. N) *awahaims (m. I) / *auhaims (m. I) (mother’s brother) (Reconstructed by Nelson Goering)

n-stem.buy, to – bugjan (I weak j) sign – 1. taikns (f. I) 2. bandwa (f. Wo) 3. bandwo (f. N) ist naurþar landa ‘he is in the north of the country’ A) undisputed – unandsakans (part-perf) sin – frawaurhts (f. I) rejoicing (n.) – hwoftuli (f. Jo)

(m.) ize 2. Based on Germanic cognates, the word wiko would be glossed as ‘sequence, succession, series’ (the modern English ‘week’ stems from the sense of ‘a series of days’).

glad – to be ~ = faginon (II weak) U)

thousand – þusundi (f. Jo) ungodliness – afgudei (f. N)

tribe-manner) 2.

A) (mitaþ fairrinnandein und jah izwis = a measure to reach even unto you) 2. ufrakjan (I weak j) (used for hands) *kailla (f. N) 2. heþjo (f. N) For scientific terms, one can use the Graeco-Latin words: thus ‘cell’ = *kailla (fem. ideological – *mitonileis (adj.

A) nahts (f. understanding – 1. frodei (f. N) 2. fullaweis (adj. deposit – wadi (n. Ja) blameless – ungafairinoþs (past-perf) disposed – garaiþs (adj. – rums (adj.) dismiss, to (v.) – letan (VII strong) break, to (v.) – dishniupan (II abl)- he brake the bands = dishniupands þos bandjos, ~ free/ forth / loose = tarmjan (I weak i) democracy (n.) – *dēmaúkratia (f. Jo) Áigan has the derivative faír-áigan ("to partake of"). While found only in the southern area of West Germanic, Proto-Germanic *ankwan ‘butter’ was an inherited IE word, cf.the cognates Latin unguen ‘fat grease’, Old Irish imb ‘butter’, and so it is not impossible that Gothic, which is often more conservative than the other early Germanic languages, may have preserved this word. element – stafs (m. I) (f changes to b in gen. and dat. A) shine, to – glitmunjan (I i weak), ~ round = biskeinan (I abl)

A)

Visigoth – *Wistraguta (m. N) demon (n.) – 1. unhulþo (f. N)

psalm (n.) – psalmon (noun) (dat. ecclesiology – *aikklesjaleisei (f. N) *fotjo (f. Jo) (lit. A) = funin) shelter – *haribairgo (f. N) boaster – bihaitja (m. N) table – 1. biuþs *(m. A) (table to eat) 2. mes (n. A) (table for working) 3. writing ~ = spilda (f. O), ~ of stone = spilda (f. O) staineina (adj. A) breath (n.) – *aþana (m. N) devil – 1. diabaulus (m. U) (the devil) 2. unhulþo (f. N) (a devil) agreeing (adj.)

burnt-offering (n.) – ala-brunsts (f. I) *filmahus (n. A) – *Hleins (m. A)

crown – 1. waips (m. Noun) 2. wipja (f. Jo) = hwarjoh) 4. in ~ thing = in allamma longer – no ~ = ni þanaseiþs abuse, to (v.) – anamahtjan (I) *waurms (m. A) 2. scrip – matibalgs (m. I) parchment – maimbrana (m. N) shortage – waninassus (m. U) angel (n.) – aggilus (m. U/I) *~ language”, the ~ means Gothic. A) (As in: It is like/resembles) A) lick – 1. – *hleidums (adj. sit, to – sitan (V abl) pugnacity – þrasabalþei (f. N)

Ostrogoth – *Austraguta (m. N) *modrujo (f. N) (mother’s sister) (Reconstructed by Nelson Goering) northwards – *naurþar his – is, seinis (gen. M/N), seinaizos (gen. F), seinamma (dat. – we are ~ to = skulum (Thess II 1:3 We are bound to thank God always for you – awiliudon skulum guda sinteino in izwara) *wepna (n. A) (plural) 2. Belarus – +Hweitarusaland (n. A) hell – 1. gaiainna (noun, N declension) (Greek) 2. halja (f. O), to ~ with you = *Diabaulus þuk nimai U) push, to – ~ aside = afskiuban (II)

M/N), seinai (dat. Gothic terms that modify clauses, sentences and phrases directly. sleep, to – slepan (IV red) (3rd past tense = saislep), to fall asleep = anaslepan (IV red)

dragon – 1. European – 1. ~ of = in + gen = funins, dat. underpants – *ufbroks (f. (to signify, what a word means) wisan, gaskeirjan (I) 2. profitable – 1. batizo (adv.) remission – aflageins (f. I/O) aged (adj.)

fire – fon (noun) (gen.

), only in: The elder serves the ~ = sa maiza skalkinoþ þamma minizin Wa) empty – laus (adj. 3. so ~ = ei … + opt 4. fighting – waihjo (f. N) inheritor – arbinumja (m. N) Saturday (n.) – sabbato (undeclinable) Nibelungen – *hnibiluggos (m. A) (plural) famine – huhrus (m. U) *butwraun (loan from Greek) *ankwa (masc.

= fidworim A) cabbage – *kauls (m. A) farewell – to bid ~ = andqiþan (V abl) Macedonia – Makaidonja (f. O) – handugs (adj. uncleanness – 1. unhrainiþa (f. O) 2. unhrainei (f. N) Bulgaria – *Bulgarja (f. O)

dragma – drakma (m. N) realize, to (v.) – andþagkjan sik (acc.) puff, to – ~ up = ufblesan (IV red) *blostreisa (f. O) *hundjo (f. N) 3. value, to – wairþon (II weak)

distress – aggwiþa (f. O) beach (n.) – staþ (n. A) / staþs (m. A) spit, to – gaspeiwan (I abl)

n-stem), which would give a Gothic *’kaupa’ (masc. Syria – 1. seize, to (v.) – grepan (I) appetizer (n.) – *tappa (f. O) – *Ogeis (m. Ja) birch – *bairka (f. O)

Bulgarian – 1.

greatness – mikilei (f. N) consume, to – fraqiman (IV abl) + dat sore (n.) – *banja (reconstructed by Magnus Snaedal) (ON. accusation (n.) – 1. fairina (f. O) 2. wrohs (f. I) ), ins (m. reconcile, to – ~ with = gafriþon (II weak) + dat desire – 1. lustus (m. U) 2. gairnei (f. N)

I/Ja) A) just (adj.) manner – sidus (m. U), ~ of life = usmet (n. A) deep – diups (adj.

attract, to (v.) – atþinsan (III) toilet – *gaggastaþs (m. I) angry (adj.) creditor – dulgahaitja (m. N) thankful – awiliudonds (II weak) + dat. abound, to – ufarassau haban (III weak) *radio (f. N) (loan) wretched (adj.) order, to (v.) – raidjan (I weak i) rightly dividing the word of truth = raihtaba raidjandan waurd sunjos lest – ibai sware *glas (n. A) 2. master (n.) – frauja (m. N) kiwi – 1. plur., dat. car (n.) – 1. raida (f. O) (based on Gothic alphabet letter): 2.

I have to, use skulan (pret. kneeling – *knussus (m. U)

discuss, to (v.) – sokjan samana (I weak i) *glasawigs (m. A) 2. Nom.)

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