fred hampton essay

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Essays. Hampton’s death became the first truly high-profile case of police brutality in American history, not because it was the first to occur, but because new, lightweight, handheld cameras enabled filmmakers to expose the lies behind the Chicago Police Department’s official narrative. Did we know we were lying about the drugs?

A miracle because not one policeman was killed, a miracle because not more policemen were shot.” The police were armed with a 45-caliber submachine gun and two shotguns. Obviously there were no smart phones in 1969, and police brutality went unchecked virtually without exception.

2). As a Black Panther Party leader, Hampton persuaded Chicago’s black and Puerto Rican street gangs to call a truce. The group also advocated for self-defense rather than nonviolence and took a global perspective on the black freedom struggle, finding inspiration in Maoism. The second half of the film draws on the techniques of investigative journalism to help uncover exactly what happened that December morning in 1969: Hampton’s death was not only a murder, it was premeditated. Assassination of Fred Hampton How the FBI and the Chicago Police Murdered a Black Panther. However, when a Department of Justice investigation revealed that Chicago Police had fired up to 99 shots, and the Panthers had only fired once, the charges were dropped. Had the Chicago Police not killed Fred Hampton, he would have been named chief of staff of the Black Panther Party's central committee, making him a key spokesman for the group. Hampton, like other political activists, seemed keenly aware that his work would put his life in jeopardy. If your intended use is for educational purposes, feel free to describe any specific circumstances that may be relevant. On December 3, 1969, O’Neal secretly drugged Hampton by putting a sleeping pill into his drink. To the FBI under President Nixon, he was deemed a “radical threat.” Even before he became president, Nixon launched a campaign to vilify black Americans and justify raiding their homes unprovoked, incarcerating them in mass numbers, and even killing them under the pretense of “protecting the public.”, “The whole problem is the blacks,” Nixon once told his chief of staff, H.R.

As a teen, Hampton became involved in civil rights by leading a local NAACP youth council. “The key is to devise a system that recognizes that while not appearing to.”. Today, Hampton is widely remembered as a martyr for the cause of black liberation. Activists considered the killing of Hampton to be an assassination. Three years later, the families of Hampton and Clark learned that they would receive a $1.85 million settlement from the local and federal agencies responsible for the men’s deaths. It should be approximately 600 words long, or two, typewritten, double-spaced pages focusing on the topic "Who killed Fred Hampton and why?" The footage captured is seen in the 1971 documentary “The Murder of Fred Hampton.”. COINTELPRO targeted civil rights leaders such as the Rev. He was an extraordinary public speaker, with a prodigious understanding of the forces that oppress black Americans, and was committed to cooperating with other groups to bring about systemic social change. Of course we did.”. I have covered contemporary art and film since the late 1990s, and have taught journalism and film courses at the college level since 2004. The film is worth watching for those speeches alone. As a youth, Fred excelled in sports and dreamed of playing baseball for the New York Yankees. His parents, Francis Allen Hampton and Iberia Hampton, were Louisiana natives who relocated to Chicago. Hampton never got that opportunity, but he has not been forgotten.

A skilled speaker and organizer, Hampton quickly moved through the ranks of the BPP. Otherwise, use the space below.). Please describe on and/or off-campus involvement relaitng to two or more of the following areas: Social justice, mentoring, education, health care, criminal justice reform, community development, political and economic awareness, multicultral/international peace, and creating opportunities for employment and entrepreneurship. And we can start by listening to Fred Hampton. A T.V.

Fred Hampton was born on August 30, 1948 in Summit, Illinois. The writing is based on the movie "Mississippi Burning" by Alan Parker(1988). Please type a brief essay of (300 - 500) words describing your passion for the legacy of Fred Hampton through scholarship, community activism and organizational leadership. Her reporting focuses education, race, and public policy. We knew we couldn’t make it illegal to be either against the war or black, but by getting the public to associate the hippies with marijuana and blacks with heroin, and then criminalizing both heavily, we could disrupt those communities. Courthouse October 29, 1969, Dr. Benjamin Spock, background, listens to Fred Hampton, chairman of the Illinois Black Panther party. An estimated 5,000 mourners turned up to Hampton’s funeral, during which the activist was remembered by civil rights leaders such the Rev. if your intended use is for any activist program, please include as much detail as possible.

The 90-minute film begins with footage of Hampton when he was alive, speaking to crowds, articulating the Black Panthers’ mission, and establishing the terms of the fight against injustice. © 2020 Forbes Media LLC. I am a Brooklyn-based writer, editor, and professor.

From the 1950s until the 1970s, the FBI’s Counterintelligence Program (COINTELPRO) targeted leaders of activist organizations like Fred Hampton. At a news conference after Hampton’s death, State’s Attorney Edward V. Hanrahan said “the immediate, violent, criminal reaction of the occupants in shooting at announced police officers emphasizes the extreme viciousness of the Black Panther party. The program served to undermine, infiltrate, and spread misinformation (often through extrajudicial means) about political groups and the activists who belonged to them.

Sowing discord in the community wasn’t the only way O’Neal attempt to undermine Hampton. However, while he was alive, he expressed confidence in his own legacy: Biography of Fred Hampton, Black Panther Party Leader. Johnson, who was expecting a child with Hampton, was not killed.

So does their refusal to cease firing at the police officers when urged to do so several times.”. As the murder of George Floyd in Minneapolis proves, we still have a long way to go before we attain anything close to justice in this country. (NOTE: Additional page can be used for typing your essay on paper application.

Fred Hampton, the chairman of the Illinois Black Panthers, who in 1969 was murdered in his sleep by ... [+] Chicago police. Alk and Gray’s 1971 film, The Murder of Fred Hampton, changed that.

You understand what I’m saying? O'Neal, who had been previously arrested for car theft and impersonating a federal officer, agreed to the task because the federal agency promised to drop the felony charges against him. The family members of Fred Hampton and Mark Clark sued the Chicago Police, Cook County, and the FBI for $47.7 million in 1970 for wrongfully killing the men. Shortly afterward, law enforcement agents initiated an early morning raid on Hampton’s apartment. (AP Photo) H oover had wanted 1969 to be the year he eradicated BPP, but he wasn’t successful. The group Rage Against the Machine famously mentions the activist in its 1996 hit “Down Rodeo,” in which frontman Zack de la Rocha declares, “They ain’t gonna send us campin’ like they did my man Fred Hampton.”. Additionally, you will be evaluated on your ability to link your involvement to the historical legacy of Fred Hampton. That case was thrown out, but a new case took place in 1979 after officials concluded that the law enforcement agencies involved had obstructed justice and refused to hand over relevant paperwork related to the killings.

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